Appearance: Similar to European Birch. No clear distinction between heartwood and sapwood. Colour varies from whitish, to pale shade of brown often with pinkish tint. Fairly plain in appearance although quarter-sawn surfaces sometimes show a growth-ring figure, and where wavy grain is present, there is a sometimes a mottle figure. The grain varies from straight to wavy, and the texture from medium to coarse.
Tips: Ease of working is dependent on the amount of silica present and can vary from easy to hard. Moderate to severe abrasive action on tools and cutters should be anticipated. Tungsten tipped tools are to be recommended. In cross-cutting and boring, adequate support is needed to prevent chipping out, and care is needed planing in order to obtain a smooth finish. Takes and holds nails and screws well, and can be glued, stained and polished.